Construct validity study of the Racial Identity Attitude Scale

Abstract
In the present study, we examined the construct validity of the Racial Identity Attitude Scale (RIAS; Parham & Helms, 1981), an instrument designed to measure attitudes consistent with the four stages of Cross’s (1971) Negro-to-Black conversion experience. Black students (N?=?186) from two geographically dispersed, predominantly white university campuses served as subjects. Using oblique factor analytic methods and examining alternative factor solutions, we found strong support for Cross’s constructs known as the pre-encounter, immersion-emersion, and internalization stages. Little statistical support was found for the construct of encounter stage as represented in the RIAS items. The difficulty in discerning the encounter stage in terms of attitude items is noted, and suggestions for future research on the RIAS and on the Cross model are given. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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