Adult transracial and inracial adoptees: Effects of race, gender, adoptive family structure, and placement history on adjustment outcomes

Abstract
Adjustment outcomes of 224 transracial and inracial adoptees (mean age 24.7 yrs) were investigated using data collected over 17 years. Adoptees were Asian, African-American, and Caucasian. Ss were asked to complete surveys including measures of adoptee characteristics, educational performance and problem behavior, level of functioning, problem adjustment indicators, and ethnoracial discrimination and identification. Findings reveal an association between adoptees’ outcomes and their race, gender, and adoptive family structure. Placement history was not significant. Implications for policy and practice are discussed, as are future directions for research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)

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