Multiple dimensions of racial group identification among adult Black Americans

Abstract
Using National Study of Black America data for 2,107 respondents (aged 18-101 yrs), the present study highlighted various components of group identification among adult Black Americans. Structural equation modeling revealed 3 dimensions to identity (masses, elites, and rebels) variously associated with a set of sociodemographic and residential variables. Ss who were older, married, less educated, and living in the South and in rural areas were most likely to identify with the masses. Older, rural, less educated, and married people also felt close to elites, as did those with low incomes. Finally, the young males, those with low incomes, and not from the South felt close to rebels. The results support the description of at least 3 reference groups within what is typically called Black group identity. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)

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