Racial identity and racial socialization attitudes of African American parents.
Explored racial socialization messages used by African American parents, specific messages according to the gender of the children, and the relationship between racial socialization and racial identity attitudes as measured by the Racial Identity Attitude Scale. 104 African American parents (aged 17-76 yrs) participated in the study. Racial socialization was seen as important to the vast majority of parents, and they reported a wide variety of socialization messages. Chi-square analysis suggests that messages differ according to gender. Multiple regression analysis suggests that internalization attitudes contribute to 19% of the variance of racial socialization attitudes, indicating that parents with internalization attitudes are more likely to view racial socialization as important. Implications and limitations of the investigation are discussed, and suggestions for future research are presented. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)