Gary Tobin’s book Jewish Perceptions of Anti-Semitism was published in 1988. Although anti-Semitism was reportedly on the decline, he was surprised to discover that 20% of Jews under 35 consistently reported experiencing anti-Semitism in the many community demographic studies he was conducting at the time. The times had changed but the tools to measure anti-Semitism had not. This set the stage for future inquiry into “contemporary” anti-Semitism that continues today by ADL and others.